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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張麗堂,1995,《市政學》(上)(下),臺北:華視文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 游麗惠主編,2005,《社區情•健康心》,臺北市政府衛生局。
  3. 王皓平,2005,《地方利害關係人治理模式之研究:以台北市大理街社區運動為例》,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學,政治學硏究所。
  4. 酒井 亨,2005,《從非營利組織發展論現代憲法「市民社會」理論之界限:以臺灣日本韓國三國之比較為主》,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學,法律學硏究所。
  5. 徐敏雄,2002,《市民社會理論對社群學習的啟示》,博士論文,國立台灣師範大學,社會教育學系。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增華(2007)。憲政主義全球化之趨勢與建構—以人權、地方治理及國計民生為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2007。1-138。
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