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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Amann, R., Krumholz, L., and Stahl, D. A. (1990) Fluorescent-oligonucleotide probing of whole cells for determinative, phylogenetic, and environmental studies in microbiology. The J. Bacteriol., 172, 762.
  2. Li, Baikun., and Bishop, P. L. (2004) Micro-profiles of activated sludge floc determined using microelectrodes. Wat. Res., 38 , 1248.
  3. Daims, H., Bruhl, A., Amann, R., Schleifer, K. H., and Wanger, M. (1999) The domain-specific probe EUB338 is insufficient for the detection of all bacteria: development and evaluation of a more comprehensive probe set. Sys. Appl. Microbiol., 22(3), 434.
  4. Deere, D., Vesey, N., Ashbold, K. A., Davies, K., Williams, L., and Veal, D. (1998) Evaluation of fluorochromes for flow cytomeric detection of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts labeled by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. , 27, 352.
  5. Droppo, I. G., Leppard, G. G., Flannigan, D. T., and Liss, S. N. (1997) The freshwater floc: a functional relationship of water and organic and inorganic floc constituents affecting suspended sediment properties. Wat., Air Soil Pollut., 99, 43.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉佳鈞(2013)。包埋微生物細胞載體脫碳、硝化與脫硝反應動力之研究。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2013。1-205。 
  2. 陳明源(2006)。多重染色方案-胞外聚合物於生物聚集體之分佈。臺灣大學化學工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-62。 
  3. 邱荏超(2006)。好氧生物顆粒之氧氣擴散係數。臺灣大學化學工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-57。 
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