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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1.中華民國長期照護專業協會(2003.02)。〈臺閩地區失能老人機構照護供需資源分佈狀況調查研究〉。內政部。
    2. 2.中華民國長期照護專業協會(2002.04)。〈建立台閩地區失能老人機構照護供需資源分佈現況—先趨性研究〉。內政部。
    3. 5.內政部主計處(1994)。〈台灣地區老人狀況調查報告〉。
    4. 7.內政部主計處(2000)。〈89年老人狀況調查〉。
    5. 9.內政部(2002)。〈臺閩地區老人狀況調查報告〉。
    Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
    1. 紀芬蓮(2015)。從事園藝活動對失智症患者生心理影響及問題行為改善之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-125。 
    2. 曾建寧(2014)。多面向認知訓練對改善機構老人認知功能之成效。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-233。 
    3. 楊心綿(2011)。臺灣北部地區正常中老年人簡短式高級大腦皮質功能檢查量表常模研究。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-109。 
    4. 郭曉燕(2009)。臺灣正常中老年人彩色路徑描繪測驗之常模研究。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-76。
    5. 高至潔(2009)。台灣正常中老年人尼爾森修訂版卡片分類測驗之常模研究。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-72。
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