Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 高卉芸譯,Kenneth C. Laudon, Carol Guercio Traver著 (2002),
  2. 9. 郭貞(2005),影響網路算命行為因素與動機之探討:找尋網路算命行為之動力心理模式,政治大學廣告系碩士論文。
  3. 16. 賴秀珊(2004),網路企業先佔優勢之研究,中山大學資訊管理研
  4. 4. Hoffman, D. L., Thomas P. Novak & Patrali Chatterjee. (1999), Commercial Scenarios for the Web: Opportunities and Challenges, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 1(3).
  5. 5. Hoffman, Donna L. & Homan P. Novak (1997), A New Markering Paradigm for Electronic Commerce, The Information Society, 13: pp. 43-54.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宜安(2009)。互動電視(IPTV)加值服務之滿意度與忠誠度之關係研究:以中華電信MOD「心靈開運網」算命服務為例。政治大學傳播學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-134。
  2. 梁健倫(2016)。探討腦波資訊回饋對民眾求籤態度的影響。暨南大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2016。1-38。
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