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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李素素(2010)台灣社會企業發展之政治經濟分析,1987-2008。國立暨南國際大學公共行政與政策學系碩士論文
  2. 陳金貴(2002)非營利組織社會企業化經營之探討。政策研究學報
  3. 陳良輔(2011)當遊民遇上社會企業-大誌雜誌對遊民的服務歷程與其影響 之探討。國立台灣師範大學社會工作學研究所碩士論文
  4. 葉永文(1998)排除理論(Exclusion Theory)。台北:揚智
  5. 鄭勝分(2007)社會企業的概念分析。政策研究學報,第7期,頁65¬-107
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張至宣(2014)。社會企業網路行銷策略研究:以冶綠生活服飾為例。淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-79。 
  2. 張雅鈴(2017)。「自力更生」的道德化街景:都市社會弱勢者的街頭販售。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2017。1-137。 
  3. 黃文慧(2014)。當另類媒體遇上社會企業:「上下游News & Market新聞市集」中新聞與市集的合作與限制。中正大學傳播學系電訊傳播研究所學位論文。2014。1-154。
  4. 金祈綉(2014)。地方政府與社會企業協力關係之研究─以新北市社會重建中心為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2014。1-275。
  5. 羅偉晉(2015)。建構社會企業參與都市農業發展之價值鏈 -以興大有機農夫市集為例。朝陽科技大學建築系建築及都市設計碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-136。
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