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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 317 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. Kenneth N. Waltz 著,胡祖慶譯,《國際政治體系理論解析》(Theory of International Politics),臺北:五南,1997年。
  2. 5. Robert Keohane著,蘇長和、信強、何曜譯,《霸權之後—世界政治經濟中的合作與紛爭》(After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy),上海:世紀,2001年5月。
  3. 31. 童振源,《東亞經濟整合與台灣的戰略》,台北:政治大學出版社,初版2009年5月。
  4. 7. 王泰銓、劉家華,「兩岸經濟合作架構協議(ECFA)之形式架構與實質內容」,《月旦法學雜誌》,第169期,2009年6月。
  5. 12. 江啟臣,「坎昆會議下的WTO 角色:主要國際關係理論的詮釋」,《政治科學論叢》,第23期,2005年。
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