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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方姿雅 (2008)。國小教師教學效能之調查研究。網路社會學通訊,17。
  2. 江易穎(2002)。國中音樂教師「專業成長」與「教學效能」之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北巿。
  3. 江宛蓁(2010)運用Moodle課程管理系統於大學進行互動學習之探究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立暨南國際大學,南投縣。
  4. 余泰魁、楊淑斐(2005)。線上學習系統使用意向之模式建構與比較分析研究。台灣管理學刊,5(2),311-337。
  5. 吳海助、蔡菊芬、林章榜(2006)高中體育科新課程推動的教師研習相關需求之研究。大專體育,8(4),15-26。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張弘達(2015)。教育雲端服務使用意圖影響因素及教師使用現況之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-217。 
  2. 吳郁香(2016)。以科技接受模型探討教育部數位學習服務平台的使用行為意圖之研究—以高雄市國中教師為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2016。1-100。
  3. 許錦桂(2017)。教育部數位學習服務平台使用滿意度及教學成效之研究 -以雲林縣國小教師為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-76。
  4. 許宏燧(2017)。數位學習導入國小教師進修意願之研究。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-85。
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