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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 李長貴(2000),人力資源管理組織的生產力與競爭力,華泰出版
  2. 10. 林佩芬(2001),「派駐大陸管理人員生涯規劃之研究」,國立台灣師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文。
  3. 13. 陳彰儀、張裕隆、王榮春、李文銓(2001),「應用傳記式問卷預測派駐大陸員工之外派適應」,應用心理研究第10期,PP.135-166。
  4. 15. 曹國雄、吳雅芳(1996),「我國企業績效評估制度的差異比較—以美商、日商、台商為例」,Chung Yuan Journal Vol.24 No.2,PP.23-34。
  5. 16. 黃英忠(1993),現代人力資源管理,華泰書局,PP.183。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉正玉(2012)。跨國公司導入客製 CRM 系統之研究-以 PCB 設備小型公司為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-95。
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