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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 丁虹(1988),企業文化與組織承諾之關係研究,管理評論,頁173-197。
  2. 7. 林隆儀、方業溥(2006) ,行動商務應用對公司經營績效的影響:市場導向的干擾效果--以臺灣流通相關產業為例,電子商務學報,第八卷,第二期,頁271-294。
  3. 13. 洪茂森(2003),領導行為、學習型組織、企業文化對組織績效之實證研究,國立成功大學企業管理管研究所碩士論文。
  4. 16. 陳怡仁(2006),「管理者個人背景因素和企業文化與領導型態之關聯性分析」,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 18. 黃家齊(2002),人力資源管理活動認知與員工態度、績效之關聯性差異分析--心理契約與社會交換觀點,管理評論,第二十一卷,第四期,頁101-127。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周麗菱(2010)。轉換型領導、工作壓力與工作績效關係之研究-以台灣美容產業M公司為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-92。 
  2. 鍾珮瑤(2011)。領導風格、組織公平知覺,與工作態度之關聯性研究-以合作金庫為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-95。 
  3. 葉偉志(2013)。觀光旅館廚師之工作滿足、主管領導型態對留任意願之研究-以台中地區觀光旅館為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-81。 
  4. 許子琼(2011)。轉換型領導與組織效能之關係-以組織文化為中介變數-以M壽險公司為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-65。
  5. 吳江文(2013)。高科技寬頻網路行銷策略之研究—以中華電信光世代為例。中正大學高階主管管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-89。
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