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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.吳明隆(2003)。SPSS 統計應用學習實務-問卷分析與應用統計(初版二刷)。台北:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  2. 8.李應宗(2002)。組織文化與知識分享之研究-以臺北縣國民小學為例。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
  3. 9.林春美(2008)。派遣人員之工作投入、組織承諾對工作績效之影響-以獎勵措施為干擾因素。淡江大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文,臺北縣。
  4. 11.邱玉婷(2009)。以社會認知理論觀點探討組織內知識分享對研發績效之影響。國立成功大學經營管理碩士論文,臺南市。
  5. 3.Angel, H. L. and Perry, J. L.(1981). An empirical assessment of organizational commitment and organizational effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.26, No.1, pp.1-14.
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