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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王欣儀,2008,台北立市聯合醫院整併前後經營成本結構變化之分析,國立臺灣師範大學政治學研究所國家事務與管理在職進修碩士專班碩士論文。
  2. 張石柱、蕭幸金、陳美惠與王詩鳳,2008,醫療品質與生產力變動之評估- 以台灣醫療品質指標計畫(TQIP)為例,當代會計,第9卷第1期:1-32。
  3. 張珩,2004,臺北市立聯合醫院之前瞻,北市醫學雜誌,第1卷第1期:2-3。
  4. 楊志良,1993,健康保險,台北:巨流圖書公司。
  5. 劉翠瑤,2008,員工組織變革認知對組織承諾與工作滿足影響性之研究-以臺北市立聯合醫院整合為例,臺北醫學大學醫務管理學系碩士班碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉宗玲(2016)。國際醫藥品稽查協約組織優良製造規範政策對國內西藥製劑廠策略選擇之研究。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-104。
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