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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 何永福、楊國安(民國84年),人力資源管理策略,台北:三民。
  2. 3. 林茂山(民國92年),「高科技產業人力資源角色功能之研究—以國內IC設計業為例」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 4. 林滿祝(民國91年),「交易式/轉換式領導風格對於員工態度之關連性研究—以親信關係及員工人格特質為情境變項」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 6. 徐瑋伶、鄭伯壎、黃敏萍(民國91年),「華人企業領導人的員工歸類與管理行為」,本土心理學研究,18期。
  5. 7. 戚樹誠(民國85年),「企業組織親信角色之實證研究」,管理評論,15卷,1期。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宇宏(2013)。家族與非家族企業左右手的比較。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-58。 
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