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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳乃德,2004,〈搜尋民主公民—社團參與的理論與實務〉,李丁讚等著,《公共領域在台灣:困境與契機》,頁177-214,台北:桂冠圖書。
  2. 吳重禮、湯京平、黃紀,2000,〈我國「政治功效意識」測量之初探〉,《選舉研究》,第6卷第2期,頁23-28。
  3. 林聰吉,2007,〈解析台灣的民主政治:以民主支持與滿意度為觀察指標〉,《選舉研究》,第14卷第1期,頁61-85。
  4. 施正仁,2005,《政治效能感與政治參與—2004年總統大選的個案分析》,台北:淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班碩士論文。
  5. 陳東升、陳端容,2005,〈跨族群政治討論網絡的形成及其影響因素〉,《台灣社會學》,第4期,頁119-157。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李永志(2011)。臺灣民間社團與非營利企業之發展及其特色--以「臺灣科學振興會」及「主婦聯盟生活消費合作社」為討論案例(1930-2010)。淡江大學歷史學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-149。 
  2. 黃政傑(2013)。社會資本論下新直轄市區級治理之研究–以新北市新店區為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-198。 
  3. 蔡易運(2012)。社會資本在社區營造中的持續與變遷:以南投縣名間鄉新民社區為例。暨南大學公共行政與政策學系學位論文。2012。1-175。
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