Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 林隆儀、鄭君豪 (2003),產品品質外在屬性訊號、產品知識與顧客滿意之整合性分析―以台北市筆記型電腦消費者為例,真理大學管理科學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 10. 林碧霞 (2007),品牌形象及產品知識對購賣意願之影響—價格折扣干擾效果之探討,大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文。
  3. 15. 陳彥和 (2011),2011年平板裝置產業發展趨勢,Display-All 22期,30-40。
  4. 21. 黃冠維 (2010),民眾有機食品認知、知覺風險對購買意願影響之研究—以台中縣市民眾為例,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系碩士論文。
  5. 1. Aaker, D. A. (1996), "Measuring brand equity across product and markets", California Management Review, 38(3), 102-120.
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