Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.朱博湧、鄧美貞、黃基鴻(2005),垂直整合與虛擬整合商業模式之績效比較:臺灣積體電路產業實證,交大管理學報,25(1),1–27。
  2. 8.李田樹、吳佩玲、廖建容、張玉文、楊幼蘭合譯(2004),Joan Magretta原著,管理是什麼,台北市:天下遠見出版。
  3. 18.吳起銘(2005),企業重組分立策略對企業價值之影響(上),會計研究月刊, 240,68 - 73。
  4. 19.紀佩君(2003),環境、策略、管理模式與經營績效之差異─90年代台商西進管理效能之分析,樹德科技大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 25.郭育尚(2004),網路原生商店不同經營型態之經營模式與經營策略差異性之比較,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴明德(2010)。資訊服務業的創新商業模式研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-94。 
  2. 林易璁(2009)。商業模式對經營績效的影響-以台灣上市非電子公司為例證。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-107。 
  3. 蔡振華(2008)。三重果菜市場股份有限公司營運模式之經營診斷與意見調查。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-101。 
  4. 許俊成(2007)。台灣殯葬產業的演化型態及廠商對應之轉型策略。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-89。 
  5. 湯喬茵(2007)。在金融機構邁向大型化趨勢下台灣信用 合作社的經營何去何從?以淡水一信為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-115。 
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