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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇張和惠,(2003),「國際市場進入模式的選擇─印度和台灣藥廠經驗之實證研究」,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  2. 陳柏丞(2008),「競爭優勢、多角化投資與環境不確定性對所有權進入模式與經營績效影響之探討─以台灣電子製造業在中國投資為例」,國立成功大學國際企業研究所碩士論文。
  3. 曾意婷(2003),「知覺環境不確定性、國際化策略與進入模式關係之研究─台灣高科技進入中國大陸跨文化之實證」,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  4. 陳琬琪(2003),「進入策略、成長策略與經營績效關係之研究─台商連鎖服務業進入中國大陸觀點分析」,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  5. Peter J Buckley,Marc C Casson(1998),” Analyzing Foreign Market Entry Strategies:Extending the Internalization Approach.” Journal of International Business Studies,Vol.29.
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