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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組 (2000)•台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展簡介•台灣公共衛生雜誌,19(4),315-324。
  2. 吳文毅 (2005)•以尿路動力學評估抗毒蕈鹼藥物對膀胱過動症婦女下泌尿道功能的影響•未發表的碩士,台北:國立台灣大學醫學院臨床醫學研究所。
  3. 姚開屏(2002)•台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷的發展與應用•台灣醫學,6,193-200。
  4. 黃鈺雯、余宏政、賴明坤、陳擇銘、謝豐舟、黃秀梨 (1997)•應力性尿失禁婦女的心理社會衝搫與因應策略之探討•慈濟醫學,9(3),207-217。
  5. 黃如鶴、林淑媛、葉淑惠、王起杰(2007)•膀胱訓練對改善尿失禁婦女漏尿次數、症狀困擾及生活衝擊之成效•實證護理,3(4),289-299。
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