Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江靜之譯(2003)。《網際網路的衝擊:網際空間與網際網路的文化與政治》,台北:韋伯。(原書 Jordan, T. [1998]. Cyberpower: The culture and politics of cyberspace and the internet. New York: Routledge.)
    2. 何明修(2002)。〈奧森、涂爾幹與集體行動的邏輯〉,《國立政治大學社會學報》,32: 115-149。
    3. 吳國卿譯(2011)。《下班時間扭轉未來》,台北:行人文化。(原書 Shirky, C. [2010]. Cognitive surplus: Creativity and generosity in a connected age. Flaneur Culture Lab.)
    4. 李禮君(1999)。〈網路中的女性集結與動員初探〉,《婦女與兩性學刊》,10: 105-165。
    5. 李承翰(1999)。《網際網路與社會運動團體及個人增權(empowerment)關係之研究》。元智大學資訊傳播研究所博士論文。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃郁琇(2014)。當代反校園霸凌戰爭之研究。成功大學法律學系學位論文。2014。1-166。 
    2. 陳佳君(2015)。網路時代社會運動組織的傳播策略—以「文林苑」都市更新抵抗運動為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2015。1-113。 
    3. 吳澄澄(2015)。第一次上街頭!社運新鮮人參與歷程。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-170。 
    4. 陳映攸(2015)。八巷的故事:反服貿佔領運動行動者中配角的網路與動員。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2015。1-106。
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