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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗玲、楊麗芬(2004)。末期腎病患者選擇透析模式的影響因素。腎臟與透析:第 16 卷,第 4 期,241-246。
  2. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組(2000)。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展簡介。中華衛誌,19 (4),315-324。
  3. 邢占軍(2005)。對主觀幸福感測量的反思。本土心理學研究,第24期,第301 ~ 323頁。
  4. 李文欽、張舜智、黃忠餘(2006)。慢性腎臟病防治的共識與準則。腎臟與透析,第18卷,第2期,93-98。
  5. 周學智(2002)。長期血液透析病患壓力源與調適方法之探討。未發表碩士的論文。高雄:國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇雅靜(2016)。華人的幸福感來源與其結構分析之初探。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-98。 
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