Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳政達(2002)。教育政策分析。台北市:高等教育。
  2. 吳慧中(2005)。人口結構變遷下國民小學績效與規模之關係。國立成功大學都市計劃系碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  3. 呂宗銘(2004)。師資培育管道開放與師資供需。教師之友,45(4),82-88。
  4. 林麗娟(2005)。台閔地區中小學教師人力需求研究。國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育學系碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  5. 徐聖堯、楊靜俐(2004)。國小教師之供給量與需求量推估:民國92-102學年度。教育與社會研究,7,99-118。
Times Cited (25) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林千卉(2011)。我國不同師資培育畢業生在國民中學 教師專業表現之比較研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-180。 
  2. 林韋伶(2011)。日本教職大學院制度之分析-以早稻田大學為例。暨南大學比較教育學系學位論文。2011。1-110。 
  3. 任珮諼(2009)。台灣大學校院教育類系所畢業生就業現況之研究-以某校某系為例。暨南大學教育政策與行政學系學位論文。2009。1-154。 
  4. 陳品璇(2009)。臺日幼兒教育師資培育制度之比較研究。暨南大學比較教育學系學位論文。2009。1-189。 
  5. 劉又菁(2010)。台中市國民小學教師超額的成因與因應。臺東大學進修部暑期社教碩士班學位論文。2010。1-128。 
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