Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 511 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪啟仁(1995),「心臟外科之今昔」,台大醫院一百年,台北:台大醫學院附設醫院。
    2. 廖訓禎、胡百敏、廖浩欽、陳日昌、周義、金霍歌(2000),「桃園地區各醫院間急診策略聯盟試辦模式」,中華民國急診醫學會醫誌,第2卷第2期,頁40-46。
    3. 湯玲郎、蔡瑋真、王盈超(2009),物流服務業導入服務創新對營運績效之影響,管理評論,第28第2期,頁25-50。
    4. 蔡雅芳、胡哲生(2005),組織內部與外部價值活動之交易互動--價值鏈觀點,管理學報,第22卷第6期,頁727-742。
    5. Abernathy, W. J. and Clark, K. B. (1985), “Innovation: Mapping the Winds of Creative Destruction,” Research Policy, 14(1), 3-22.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林永欽(2014)。台中某一建設公司的健康住宅服務創新專案之研究。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-59。
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