Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 6.詹森林,《民事法理與判決研究(三)》,元照出版有限公司, 2003年8月。
    2. 7.詹森林、馮震宇、林明珠著,《認識消費者保護法》,行政院消費者保護委員會,1995年2月出版。
    3. 11.劉春堂,《消費者保護法要義》,行政院消費者保護委員會,2003年8月修正版。
    4. 13.林誠二,《消費資訊之規範》,收於《消費者保護法專案研究實錄》,頁90、102,行政院消費者保護委員會,1997年6月。
    5. 20.馮震宇,《論網際網路與消費者保護問題(下)》,科技法律透析, 1998年7月。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張凱明(2012)。雲端服務契約責任探討 -以限制賠償責任條款為中心。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2012。1-168。 
    2. 呂惠珍(2009)。訪問買賣規範及爭議問題之探討。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-174。
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