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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 何達明, “排序對關聯演算法速度的影響,” 中原大學,碩士論文, 2002.
  2. [3] 陳彥良,趙書榮,陳禹辰, “幾個快速挖掘關聯規則的資料探勘方法,” 電子商務學報, Vol. 5, No.2, September 2003.
  3. [6] Rakesh Agrawal, Tonasz Imielinski, and Arun Swami, “Mining Association Rules Between Sets of Items in Large Databases,” ACM SIGMOD Conf. Management of Data, pp. 207-216, May 1993.
  4. [8] Sergey Brin, Rajeev Motwani, Jeffery D. Ullman, and Shalom Tsur, “Dynamic Itemset Counting and Implication Rules for Market Basket Data,” ACM SIGMOD Conference on Management of Data, pp. 255-264, 1997.
  5. [9] Christian Borgelt, “An Implementation of the FP-growth Algorithm,” ACM Press, New York, NY, USA, August 21, 2005.
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