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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【4】 V.M. Malhotra, M.H. Zhang, P.H. Read, J. Ryell, “Long-term mechanical properties and durability characteristics of high- strength high-performance concrete incorporating supplementary cementing materials under outdoor exposure conditions”, ACI Mater. J. 97, pp. 518-525, 2000.
  2. 【5】 R.N. Swamy, A.R.S. Ali, D.D. “Theodorakopoulos, Early strength fly ash concrete for structural applications”, ACI J. , pp. 414-423, 1983.
  3. 【6】 Haqu, M. N., and Kayyali, O. A., “Strength and Porosity of Hardened Cement Fly-Ash Pastes in a Hot Environment”, ACI Materials Journal, March-April, 1989.
  4. 【7】 Tikalsy, P.J.; Carrasquillo, R.L. “Strength and Durability Considerations Affecting Mix Proportioning of Concrete Containing Fly-Ash”, ACI Materials Journal, November-December, 1988.
  5. 【8】 Lane, R.O. “Effects of Fly-Ash on Freshly Mixed Concrete”, Concrete International, October, 1983.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫世郁(2015)。添加飛灰對無收縮水泥抗壓強度和伸長率之影響。屏東科技大學土木工程系所學位論文。2015。1-66。 
  2. 黃玉珍(2016)。高摻量飛灰混凝土之力學性能探討。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2016。1-58。
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