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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 尹啟銘(民國78年),產品創新自由度、企業策略與技術政策之關係—台灣資訊電子業實證研究,國立政治大學企業管理研究所博士論文。
  2. 7. 王彝玫(民國89年),產業競爭程度、企業策略與國際化程度之關聯性研究 ,私立元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 24. 陳振森(民國78年),台灣地區集團企業經營績效之探測性研究,私立東吳大學管理研究所
  4. 25. 吳萬益 (民國85年),「集團企業組織文化、決策模式與經營策略之研究-中每日德韓墨主要集團企業運作模式之實證分析」, 行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計劃。
  5. 27. 林清河、施坤壽(民國92年),「組織結構、全面品質管理、ISO 9000 與競爭優勢、組織績效之結構化模式分析」,20(5),965-992。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許淑珮(2013)。研發服務業應用整合行銷溝通之研究。中興大學行銷學系所學位論文。2013。1-110。 
  2. 陳郁樺(2007)。台灣生技保健食品產業策略群組之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2007。1-181。
  3. 李秋燕(2009)。台灣無線通訊IC設計公司經營模式個案研究。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2009。1-99。
  4. 廖益誠(2011)。全民健保政策對醫藥產業經營策略與模式的影響- 以A公司為例。臺灣大學商學組學位論文。2011。1-93。
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