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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李淑貞(1997),「產業利用專利資訊之研究-以我國半導體廠商為例」,台灣大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 歐進士(1998),「我國企業研究發展與經營績效關聯之實證研究」,中山管理評論,第六卷第二期,頁357-386。
  3. 蔡蕙安、陳志綱(2002),「研究發展外溢效果對廠商成本結構之影響-台灣高科技產業之實証分析」,經濟論文叢刊,第30卷2期,頁175-204。
  4. 黃麗芬(2003),「景氣循環、研究發展對財務績效影響之研究-以我國上市上櫃資訊電子業為例」,中原大學會計學系碩士論文。
  5. 蔡宏家(2007),「技術來源對於廠商利潤率之影響-以台灣製造業產業為例」,國立中興大學應用經濟學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉政倫(2011)。全球LED產業分析與兩岸廠商競合策略研究。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2011。1-115。
  2. 邱俊順(2012)。台灣LED產業新產品開發績效指標之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2012。1-117。
  3. 王勝興(2014)。臺灣偏光片產業競爭分析。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-89。
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