Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 513 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 王晴佳,《臺灣史學50年(1950-2000):傳承、方法、趨向》,臺北:麥田出版,民國92年。
  2. 9. 杜正勝,《新史學之路》,臺北:三民書局,民國93年。
  3. 27. 張隆志,《族群關係與鄉村臺灣:一個清代台灣平埔族群史的重建和理解》,臺北:國立台灣大學出版委員會,民國85年。
  4. 3. 王甫昌,〈民族想像、族群意識與歷史──《認識臺灣》教科書爭議風波的內容與脈絡分析〉,《臺灣史研究》,8:2(臺北:民國90年12月),頁145-207。
  5. 18. 吳清山,〈循序漸進推動教師換證、評鑑及進階制度〉,《師友月刊》,第461期(臺北,民國94年11月),頁7-11。
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