Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王馥庭、李弘暉(2008)。交易型領導、信任與組織公民行為之關係,護理雜誌,55(4),87-92。
  2. 毛筱豔、吳鳳翎 (2011)。職場友誼與組織政治知覺之關係,北商學報,20,59-69。
  3. 余鑑、于俊傑、廖珠美、蔡尚鈞(2013)。工作適性、組織正義、職場友誼對適應性績效影響之研究,明新學報,39(1),pp.193-204。
  4. 沈重宗(2011)。以情緒勞務為干擾變項探討解說志工參與動機對工作滿意度之影響,休閒保健期刊,6,1-11。
  5. 何月妃、連雅慧、艾昌瑞(2011)。便利商店員工情緒勞務、組織公民行為與組織績效相關之研究,休閒運動保健學報,3,82-98。
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