Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 何姬錚(2008)。大學生校園資源回收行為意圖及相關因素研究--以台北縣致理技術學院為例。國立台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系研究所碩士論。
  2. 18. 陳沼舟(2000)。台北市中山區興亞里興下埤里家戶對垃圾減量及其相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 22. 陳錦慧(2001)。環境價值教學法與傳統教學法在國中學生資源回收行為意圖教學效果之比較--以桃園縣某國中一年級學生為例,國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 30. 廖文盛(2007)。社區型態及資源回收環境、設備對國小六年級學生回收行為的影響。國立中興大學環境工程學系研究所碩士論文。
  5. 32. 趙琳輝(2007)。民眾對垃圾減量及資源回收知識、態度與行為之研究-以桃園地區為例。國立中央大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。
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