Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 266 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張亞中、李英明。2000年。《中國大陸與兩岸關係概論》。台北:生智文化。
  2. 丁永康。2000年。〈中共推動國際新秩序在非洲的實踐〉。《中國大陸研究》,第43卷第11期,頁77-95。
  3. 于有慧。1998年。〈國際因素對當前中共外交政策的影響〉。《中國大陸研究》,第41卷第6期,頁7-18。
  4. 毛樹仁、吳坤霖。2004年。〈台灣非政府組織於政府外交事物的角色與功能〉。《國家政策季刊》,第3卷第1期,頁175-200。
  5. 王文隆。2003年。〈中華民國對非洲農技援助的開展〉。《近代中國》,第155期,頁66-92。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯瑞秋(2010)。中華民國與非洲邦交國外交關係之研(1998.1-2009.5)—從小國理論及社會交換論切入。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-195。 
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