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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 王居卿、余強生、吳欣玫(2003),2003年夏季台灣生技醫藥健康產業推動電子市集的關鍵成功因素研究,電子商務研究,第1卷第1期,頁41-66。
  2. 7. 顔榮祥;張子明(2002),整合灰關聯分析與層級分析法在供應商評選之應用研究,運籌研究集刊,第1期,頁15-41。
  3. 8. 陳俊合(2007),應用灰關聯模式評選景觀生態規劃方案,規劃學報,第34期,頁29-47。
  4. 7. Bishop, Paul and Megicks, Phil (2002). Competitive strategy and firm size in the estate agency industry. Journal of Business and Enterprise Development Volume 9, No.2, pp.150-161.
  5. 8. Blythe, Jim (2000). _Objectives and Measures at UK Trade Exhibitions. Joumal of Marketing Management, 16, 203-222
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘孟絹(2012)。展覽主辦單位舉辦展覽成功之關鍵成功因素:劇場理論與灰關聯分析法之應用。中興大學行銷學系所學位論文。2012。1-157。 
  2. 張錦江(2016)。醫療儀器製造業創業過程與品牌行銷之研究—以D公司為例。逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-71。 
  3. 卓淑珍(2010)。國內紡織業者的關鍵成功因素-以尼龍66紡絲業為例。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-72。
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