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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 141 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王信仁 (1992)。醫學中心與區域醫院之效率評估-資料包絡法之運用。高雄醫學院碩士論文。
  2. 朱僑麗、薛亞聖、江東亮 (2000)。醫師人力供給的多寡是否影響被保險人的門診利用-1994 年國民醫療保健調查之發現。中華公共衛生雜誌,19(5),381-388。
  3. 江東亮、胡德偉(2000)。美國發展管理式照護的經驗與啟示。中華衛誌19(5),340-55。
  4. 吳肖琪、吳義勇、未慧凡、林嘉彥、李鐘祥、張錦文、藍忠孚(2002)。我國醫院醫療品質指標使用之情形。醫療品質雜誌2(2)。
  5. 林四海、楊惠真、陳墩仁、邱惠慈 (2000)。中部地區醫療服務高低利用者之相關因素研究。醫管雜誌,1,57-69。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李偉民(2014)。台灣醫院急診利用的影響因素分析。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-84。 
  2. 林郁淳(2014)。醫院財務績效趨勢影響與影響因素研究。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2014。1-272。 
  3. 曾仁皇(2016)。存貨管理與醫院財務績效之關聯性。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2016。1-44。
  4. 唐元信(2016)。利用明膠化豬皮漿取代瘦肉對台式貢丸於-18℃儲藏期間其品質之影響。中興大學動物科學系所學位論文。2016。1-113。
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