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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江明修(1994)。非營利組織領導行為之研究。
  2. 吳炳銅(1994)。台北縣國民小學最適經營規模之研究。碩士論文,國立台北師範學院初等教育研究所。
  3. 吳慧中(2005)。人口結構變遷下國民小學績效與規模之關係 。碩士論文,國立成功大學都市計劃系。
  4. 巫志城(2008)。台東縣閒置校園再利用之研究。碩士論文,國立臺東大學教育學系(所),台東縣。
  5. 李光中、張惠珠、王鑫、黃可欣、王鈴琪、蔡嘉玲(2008)。促進鄉村學校和社區協同規劃社區發展計畫之行動研究:以台東利吉和富源社區為例。環境教育研究,5(2),91-132。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡志唯(2018)。國民小學閒置空間用途活化之研究。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2018。1-201。
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