Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王媛慧、李文福、翁竹君,2007,「台灣國際觀光旅館業生產力與效率分析:隨機邊界距離函數之應用」,經濟論文叢刊第35輯第1期:55-86。
  2. 王斐青、洪維廷、尚瑞國,2004,「台灣地區國際觀光旅館經營型態與經營效率之衡量」,亞太經濟管理評論,第7卷第1、2期:109-123。
  3. 交通部觀光局,2007,「中華民國95年來台旅客消費及動向調查報告」。
  4. 楊慧華,2002,「企業文化、企業願景、經營策略與經營績效之關係研究--以台灣國際觀光旅館為實證」,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. Banker, R. D., Charnes, A. and Cooper, W. W., 1984, “Some models for estimating technical and scale inefficiencies in data envelopment analysis,” Management Science, 30:1078-1092.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯惠文(2009)。民營軍工廠之維修績效評估。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2009。1-76。
  2. 闕宜萱(2009)。台灣生技新藥廠商技術效率之研究- 資料包絡法與Malmquist生產力指數之應用。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2009。1-106。
  3. 石家瑜(2010)。結合平衡計分卡與資料包絡分析法 -應用於國際觀光旅館標竿管理之探討。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2010。1-100。
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