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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳秉誼。2009。雞傳染性鼻炎菌莢膜生合成基因之分析與重組次單位疫苗之研究。國立中興大學獸醫微生物學研究所。
  2. Abascal, E.N., Guerra, A.C., Vazquez, A.S., Tenorio, V.R., Cruz, C.V., Zenteno, E., Contreras, G.P., Pacheco, S.V., 2009, Identification of iron-acquisition proteins of Avibacterium paragallinarum. Avian Pathol 38, 209-213.
  3. Barnard, T.G., Van Heerden, E., Bragg, R.R., Albertyn, J., 2008, Haemophilus paragallinarum haemagglutinin: role in adhesion, serotyping and pathogenicity. Onderstepoort J Vet Res 75, 11-16.
  4. Bisgaard, M., Christensen, J.P., Bojesen, A.M., Christensen, H., 2007, Avibacterium endocarditidis sp. nov., isolated from valvular endocarditis in chickens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57, 1729-1734.
  5. Blackall, L.L., 1995, Vaccines against infectious coryza.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何儀香(2012)。雞傳染性鼻炎菌絲狀血球凝集素基因之分析與疫苗之運用。中興大學微生物暨公共衛生學研究所學位論文。2012。1-70。
  2. 陳意超(2013)。雞傳染性鼻炎菌cdtABC毒素蛋白基因之發現與功能分析。中興大學微生物暨公共衛生學研究所學位論文。2013。1-54。
  3. 許豪陞(2013)。雞傳染性鼻炎菌脂多醣體抗原生合成基因之特性與功能分析。中興大學微生物暨公共衛生學研究所學位論文。2013。1-62。
  4. 郭慕涵(2016)。雞傳染性鼻炎菌RTX毒素疫苗之研發。中興大學微生物暨公共衛生學研究所學位論文。2016。1-77。
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