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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李鑫濃(2004),奈米碳管合成技術及其污染防治應用,元智大學化學工程學系碩士論文
  2. 蘇亮誌(2004),鐵氧化物吸附與鐵氧磁體法處理重金屬溶液之研究,國立成功大學化學工程學系碩士論文
  3. Adewunmi, C.O., Becker, W., Kuehnast, O., and Oluwole, F. (1996)“Accumulation of copper, lead and cadmium in freshwater snails insouthwestern Nigeria ,” Science of the Total Environment., Vol. 193,69.
  4. Anoop Kapoora,T. Viraraghavana, D. Roy Cullimore(1999)., “Removal of heavy metals using the fungus Aspergillus niger,” Bioresource Technology, Vol 70, 95-104
  5. Bandow, S., Rao, A. M., Williams, K. A., Thess, A. Smalley, R. E. Smalley and Eklund, P. C. (1997) “Purification of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes by Microfiltration” J. Phys. Chem. B, Vol. 101, 8839.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林家鋐(2015)。氧化石墨烯吸附水中二價鎳離子之研究。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-55。 
  2. 周立杰(2016)。聚乙烯亞胺改質多壁奈米碳管吸附水中硝酸根離子之研究。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2016。1-78。
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