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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 219 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ivo Daalder與James Lindsay著,劉滿貴譯(2004),《後外交時代:不受約束的美國》(America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy)。北京:新華出版社。
  2. Joseph Nye著,吳曉輝、錢程譯(2005),《軟力量:世界政壇成功之道》(Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics)。北京:東方出版社。
  3. Joseph Nye著,鄭志國等譯(2006),《美國霸權的困惑:為什麼美國不能獨斷專行》(The Paradox of American Power: Why the World’s Only Superpower Can’t Go It)。北京:世界知識出版社。
  4. Sean Naylor著,楊紫函譯(2008),《不為人知的森蚺作戰》(Not a Good Day to Die: The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda)。台北:國防部史政編譯室。
  5. 胡育瑋(2013),《歐巴馬對美國在阿富汗外交政策的承續與變革》。台北:國立政治大學外交研究所碩士論文。
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