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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 250 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石素錦 (1999a)。探討兒童美語教師選擇教材的考量因素。課程與教學季刊,2 (3),37-50。
  2. 石素錦 (1999b)。從認知心理與社會互動談兒童語言發展。國民小學英語科教材教法。戴維揚主編。台北市:文鶴。
  3. 史仟慧 (2009)。高雄縣市高中職餐旅群科學生對餐旅英文與會話課程之評估。(未出版之碩士論文)。 國立屏東科技大學:屏東市。
  4. 李祈慧 (2012)。教育戲劇融入英語溝通式教學觀之課程實踐。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台北藝術大學:台北市。
  5. 李雅燕 (2012) 新北市立高級中學附設進修學校經營現況之個案研究。(未出版之 碩士論文)。淡江大學:台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張婉菁(2015)。高職園藝科造園景觀領域教學之行動研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-153。 
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