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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] D. L. Staebler and C. R. Wronski , Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 292-294(1977)
  2. [2] I.H. Choi, D.H. Lee, Thin Solid Films 515,4778–4782 (2007)
  3. [3] Doo Youl Lee, Byung Tae Ahn, Kyung Hoon Yoon, Jin Soo Song, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 75,73–79 (2003)
  4. [5] Richard H. Bube, Photovoltaic Materials, p192
  5. [11] SeJin Ahn, Chae Woong Kim, JaeHo Yun, Jeong Chul Lee, Kyung Hoon Yoon, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91, 1836–1841 (2007)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭翰鴻(2013)。銅銦鎵硒薄膜摻雜及未摻雜鈉元素對其物理特性影響之研究。中興大學奈米科學研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。 
  2. 楊培青(2011)。穿透式電子顯微術分析硒化銅銦鎵薄膜微結構特性之研究。中興大學物理學系所學位論文。2011。1-59。 
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