Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭文賢(1980)。《系統研究法的組織理論之分析》。臺北:聯經。
  2. 江明修(1998)。〈我國行政倫理之初探:政策規劃人員決策價值之研究〉。《人事管理》,第35卷第1期,頁4-26。
  3. (2009)。〈行政倫理法制之全球趨勢〉。《哲學與文化》,第36卷第1期,頁3-24。臺北:哲學與文化月刊雜誌社。
  4. 江明修、姜誌貞、陳定銘(1997)。〈台灣行政倫理之初探:臺北市政府政策規劃人員決策價值之質的研究〉。《中國行政評論》,第7卷第1期,頁1-56。
  5. 陳敦源、蔡秀涓(2006)。〈國家發展的倫理基礎:反貪腐與公職人員倫理準則〉。《臺灣民主季刊》,第3卷第3期,頁185-200。
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