Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 2. 高美丁、曾明淑、葉文婷、張瑛韶、潘文涵。台灣地區居民體位及肥胖狀況。1993 - 1996台灣國民營養健康狀況變遷調查結果。行政院衛生署,台北,台灣。1999。頁145-163。
  2. 3. 黃國晉、潘文涵、李美璇、張永漢。老年人過重與肥胖之盛行狀況。1999 - 2000 老人國民營養健康狀況變遷調查。行政院衛生署,台北,台灣。2004。頁329-341。
  3. 6. Adami HO, Trichopoulos D. Obesity and mortality from cancer. N Engl J Med 2003;348:1623-1624.
  4. 7. Ahima RS, Flier JS. Adipose tissue as an endocrine organ. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2000;11:327-332.
  5. 8. Albanell J, Dalmases A, Rovira A, Rojo F. mTOR signalling in human cancer. Clin Transl Oncol 2007;9:484-493.
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  1. 林育琪(2009)。利用荷瘤小鼠模式探討雷帕黴素合併5-氟尿嘧啶治療大腸直腸腫瘤之研究。中興大學獸醫學系暨研究所學位論文。2009。1-72。 
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