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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國川,1998「計劃行為理論各成份量表之信、效度評估-以青少年搭機車戴安全帽之研究為例」,國立中正大學學報,第 8 期第 1 卷,頁95-121。
  2. 朱建榮、鄭景陽(2003)。慢跑運動者的運動傷害調查研究。大專體育,66,159-162。
  3. 吳忠芳、林正常(2004)。非最大跑步運動攝氧量與心跳率推算臨界速度之效度研究。運動生理暨體能學報,1,54-65。
  4. 林信良、廖維偉、劉于詮(2003)。不同價位慢跑鞋避震性差異之研究。國立體育學院論叢,13(2),251-259。
  5. 許義忠、莊麗君、葉智魁 (2007)以時間日記法評量大學生休閒與自由時間之運用。觀光研究學報,13(4),289-308。(11 卷起列 TSSCI 於 2008 年改名觀光休閒學報)。政院體育委員會。
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