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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王梅香、江澤群(2003)。台北市青少年休閒動機與休閒參與之研究。北體學報,11,203-216。
  2. 吳珩潔(2002)。大台北地區民眾休閒滿意度與幸福感之研究。國立台灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 吳崇旗、謝智謀、王偉琴(2006)。休閒參與、休閒滿意及主觀幸福之現性結構關係模式建構與驗證,休閒運動期刊,5,153-165。
  4. 周秀華、余嬪(2005)。深度休閒者學習經驗之研究。教育與心理研究,28(2),297-324。
  5. 林佑瑾、李英弘、葉源鎰(2004)。認真性休閒與休閒阻礙關係之研究:以高爾夫運動者為例。戶外遊憩研究,17(3),51-79。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范碧儒(2012)。以潛在類別模式分析影響台灣中老年人之憂鬱因子。成功大學經濟學系學位論文。2012。1-83。 
  2. 周紘志(2010)。骨科慢性病患的健康促進生活型態與休閒參與之研究。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2010。1-133。 
  3. 黃子宴(2011)。婦女志工動機與生命歷程初探:以兩個基金會為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-181。
  4. 李淑玲(2012)。社會資本、休閒行為對健康影響模式之建構與驗證。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2012。1-394。
  5. 陳毓芬(2016)。步道認養者之認養動機與涉入之探討─以臺中市龍井區竹坑南寮步道為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-125。
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