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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鈞螢。(2012)表現藍綠菌之碳酸氫根運輸蛋白以強化光合微生物對二氧化碳吸收能力之研究。國立中興大學生命科學系碩士論文。
  2. 黃真生。(1979)水稻品種台農67號之育成。中華農業研究。28:57-66。
  3. Cerling, T. E. (1999) Paleorecords of C4 plants and ecosystems. In: Sage RF, Monson RK, eds. C4 Plant Biology. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, pp.445-469.
  4. Ku, M. S. B., Cho, D., Ranade, U., Hsu, T. P., Li, X., Jiao, D. M., Eheringer, J., Miyao, M., and Matsuoka, M. (2000) Photosynthetic performance of transgenic rice plants overexpressiing maize C4 photosynthesis enzymes. In: Sheehy, J. E., Mitchell, P. L., Hardy, B., editors., Redesigning rice photosynthesis to increase yield. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers. pp. 193-204.
  5. Taiz, L. and Zeiger, E. (2006) Plant Physiology, 4th edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.
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