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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳慶忠、柯文華、李建霖。1990。黃條葉蚤(Phyllotreta striolata (Fabricius))之生態及防治研究(I)外部形態、飼養方法、生活習性及寄主植物調查。臺中區農業改良場研究彙報27:37-48。
  2. 柯忠德、陳慶忠、劉興隆。1993。中部地區簡易設施蔬菜害蟲發生調查。臺中區農業改良場研究彙報40:45-54。
  3. 呂文通、林慶元、洪汝煌。1996。蘭陽地區設施蔬菜病害調查及防治。花蓮區研究彙報12:109-116。
  4. 陳俊位、林俊義、許振川。1997。台灣日日春病害之發生。臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 54:47-57。
  5. 陳智信、莊再揚。1998。田間土壤中絲核菌族群之消長。植物病理學會刊7:78-84。
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