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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 234 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anthony Giddens,曹榮湘譯 ( 2009 ),《氣候變化的政治》( The Politics of Climate Change )。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
  2. David Held & Anthony McGrew,林佑聖譯 ( 2005 ),《治理全球化:權力、權威與全球治理》( Governing Globalization Power, Authority and Global Governance )。台北:韋伯。
  3. Gale E. Christianson,達娃譯 ( 2006 ),《發燒地球200年》( Greenhouse:The 200-Year Story of Global Warming )。台北:野人出版社。
  4. Nicholas Stern,鄭麗文譯 ( 2009 ) ,《全球新政:氣候變遷下的世界經濟改造計畫》(A Blueprint for a Safer Planet: How to Manage Climate Change and Create a New Era of Progress and Prosperity )。台北:如果出版社。
  5. Thomas L. Friedman,丘羽先等譯 ( 2009 ),《世界又熱又平又擠:全球暖化、能源耗竭、人口爆炸危機下的新經濟革命》( Hot, Flat, and Crowded:Why The World Needs a Green Revolution---And How We Can Renew Our Global Future )。台北:天下文化出版社。
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