Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 「走出傳統 創造希望:十五個標竿農業的故事」,2003,行政院農委會。
  2. 陳儔美,1999,「日本農協組織的發展歷程與改革」,問題與研究38(10),頁27-47。
  3. 黃財尉,2003,「共同因素分析與主成份分析之比較」,彰化師大輔導學報,頁63-86。
  4. 楊明憲,2004,「台灣農業發展與農會變遷」,農業與資源經濟2(1),頁1-12。
  5. 劉春初,2003,「應用資源重分配模式探討台灣地區農會信用部組織變革之研究」,農業經濟半年刊75(6),頁27-59。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳玉仁(2016)。土地整體開發對都市地區農民及農會之影響-以新莊區為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-102。 
  2. 程曉琪(2012)。都市型農會存在價值之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-93。 
  3. 楊玲珠(2011)。鄉村型農會經營策略之個案研究 -以彰化縣線西鄉農會為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-84。 
  4. 張雅惠(2008)。人力資源、經營特性與會員屬性對基層金融機構經營績效關聯性之探討-以台灣地區基層農會信用部為例。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-60。
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