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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 228 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳勁甫(2011)。校長領導對學校效能影響模式之探析。教育經營與管理集刊,7,1-25。
  2. 吳清山、林天祐(2006)。教育新辭書。台北市:高等教育。
  3. 巫博瀚、賴英娟(2011)。性別、自我效能、工作價值、科學素養及學校層次因素對臺灣青少年學習情緒之影響:個人與情境交互作用之多層次分析。教育科學研究期刊,56,3,119-149。
  4. 李新民、陳密桃(2007)。組織公民行為的因素結構與影響因素:巢狀結構與階層線性模式的分析。高雄師大學報:教育與社會科學類,22,69-91。
  5. 李懿芳、江芳盛(2008)。有效的學校領導對數學學習成就之影響:以TIMSS 2003台灣調查資料為例。教育政策論壇,11(2),107-130。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾淑芳(2015)。晨讀實施方式與學生閱讀態度關係之研究- 以臺北市「晨讀123-國民中學推動晨讀運動計畫」國中為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-151。 
  2. 許呈沅(2013)。影響學生閱讀成就因素之多層次分析:以PISA 2009臺灣資料為例。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  3. 陳柏霖(Po-Lin Chen);洪兆祥(Chao-Hsiang Hung);余民寧(Min-Ning Yu)(2013)。網路閱讀態度、網路閱讀行為及網路閱讀素養之橫斷面研究。教育科學研究期刊。58(3)。23-50。 
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