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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊育權,好氧顆粒薄膜生物反應器的好氧顆粒穩定性及薄膜積垢探討,博士論文國立臺灣大學工學院化學工程研究所,2010。
  2. 陳之貴,活性污泥/接觸曝氣法合併系統之處理功能研究,博士論文,國立臺灣大學環境工程學研究所,2006。
  3. 蔡婉楹,好氧及厭氧生物程序處理含油脂廢水與生質能之回收,碩士論文,國立成功大學環境工程學系,2008。
  4. 南京瑞潔特膜分離科技有限公司,屠宰廢水處理生物薄膜反應器解決方案。
  5. 新世膜科技股份有限公司
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅芳婷(2013)。以生物薄膜法模擬生活污水處理-BOD和COD濃度之變化。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2013。1-53。 
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