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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農委會(2003)農業統計年報,台灣台北。
  2. 李賢德(2004)「台灣蓮霧產業策略聯盟之推動與展望」,農業推廣文彙49:199-215。
  3. 李賢德(2004)台灣檸檬產業策略聯盟之規劃,行政院農委會高雄區農業改良場農業推廣課。
  4. Babbie, E. R.(1998)The practice of social research. CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.
  5. Badaracco, J. L.(1991)The knowledge link. MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉育菁(2010)。斗南鎮農會根莖作物的農企業經營管理。長榮大學台灣研究所學位論文。2010。1-129。 
  2. 陳厚源(2010)。農業生技企業發展衛星農場評估指標建構之研究─以農業生物科技園區為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2010。1-117。 
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